Plant vigorous, and generally of healthy habit; tubers nearly of the form of the Lady's Finger potato , but of larger size; skin very deep purple, or nearly black; flesh purple, both in its crude state and when cooked; quality good, usually dry, and of good flavor. With around 4,000 varieties of potatoes to choose from, there should be a kind of potato to suit everyone’s taste. Your email address will not be published. Use: Ideally boiled, roasted, baked, or gently mashed. There are thousands of types of potatoes that come in all shapes and sizes. This is a variety of blue-purple potato cultivated in France and used in gourmet French cuisine. So in case you've ever been tempted, take care not to substitute a sweet potato for an Idaho willy nilly; in some cases it may work … There are also different types of Red Norlands depending on the skin color. They have a good earthy taste and make perfect chips and roast potatoes as they have a fluffy texture. salt, cream of mushroom soup, black pepper, stone ground mustard and 13 more. They come in a variety of sizes and shapes as well as different colors. For example, some people refer to the Japanese sweet potato as Japanese yam. Varieties of potatoes that have medium levels of starch, sugar, and moisture are all-purpose potato types. The sweetest varieties of sweet potato are the kinds that have deep orange flesh. Because they are small varieties of potatoes, they cook quicker. This type of elongated purple potatoes have a dark purple almost black skin and dark purple flesh. ‘Red Gold’ ‘Red Gold’ offers a … Research has found that the antioxidant levels in purple tubers depend on their different colors. We have listed all varieties that are over a 3% threshold in that specific state. These factors play a role in placing potatoes in starchy (mealy), waxy, and all-purpose categories. © 2020 (Only Foods). Developed by the University of Maine. Color: Rough, semi-thick, pale orange or brownish skin, orange flesh. Some popular type of fingerlings including French Fingerling, Russian Banana, Swedish Peanut Fingerling, and the Rose Finn Apple. (8). It is an ideal choice for making chips because it retains its moisture and firmness after cooking. This kind of red potato has dark red skin and white flesh. Due to their versatility, white potatoes are popular kinds of potatoes to use. Idaho Russet potatoes are russet-skinned with white flesh. Fingerlings are an unusual type of potato due to their small, long oblong shape and slightly curled end. Sweet potatoes such as the Japanese sweet potato (which has red skin) and Hannah sweet potato are actually not ‘true’ potatoes. potato was adapted to meet different environmental conditions. (7). Top 6 #1 Russet Burbank #2 Russet Norkotah #3 Ranger Russet #4 Umatilla Russet #5 Frito-Lay varieties #6 Norland Click the link or just scroll down to learn more on each of these varieties. They're easy to mash and ideal for frying and roasting. Purple sweet potatoes are a healthy variety of “potato” to add to your diet due to anthocyanins in the vegetable. The Red Bliss type of potato has smooth red skin that covers white flesh. All rights reserved. These fruits have a flavor that is "earthy" and sweetly tangy. So, which are the best potatoes to use when cooking? In the United States, more than 200 varieties of potatoes are sold comprised of seven types of potato: russet, red, white, yellow, blue/purple, fingerling and petite. Potatoes are also rich in potassium, magnesium, iron, calcium, manganese, and copper. It does not belong to the true yam family, but is a type of sweet potato and a member … Each has its own unique characteristics. • Round white potatoes—are medium-sized, round with a light tan to freckled brown skin and waxy to creamy textured flesh. It was first grown by Jean Pierre Clot, a French farmer, in the Swiss Alps. Compared to regular potatoes, sweet potatoes have an irregular, long oblong shape. Read on to find out which potatoes fit into these three basic categories. There are a number of varieties of fingerlings that come in white, red, and yellow-skinned varieties. Characterized by a firm texture, the Russian Banana is a popular small-sized potato variety that has a rich taste similar to a fingerling potato. Purple Peruvian. However, they still have enough starch to make these tubers good for mashing, boiling, steaming, baking, and roasting. The Red Thumb is a late-season type of fingerling potatoes known for its resistance to disease, uniform size, and ease of storage. Black Icicle– This is my fav black tomato so far. It is one of the most common sweet potatoes available in the market. It has a firm, dry, and fine texture and is rich in Vitamin C and amylopectin starch. The nutritional value of Russet potatoes is quite impressive. One of the most common of these is … Superior potatoes have a very high yield, making them a popular variety of all-purpose potato. Black Potatoes are also known under the name Papa Mariva or Papa Tomasa Negra. The green color is a toxic chemical called solanine that develops when exposed to light. Other kinds of potato such as red varieties have a waxy feel and are good for boiling and serving in salads. There are two basic types of sweet potatoes: moist- and dry-fleshed. Purple potatoes are an extremely healthy type of potato that has all the nutritional value of regular potatoes. Make sure you use the right one for the right dish. As a starchy white potato, the Russets turn dry and mealy when baked and they contain high amounts of amylose. Maris Piper Fluffy *These are the varieties … Also known as Blue Marker, River John Blue, Fenton Blue, and many other names, the All Blue potato is an heirloom variety believed to have discovered over 100 years ago. Russet potatoes are also one of the most popular and best types of potatoes to make French-fries with. Let’s look in more detail at a few of the thousands different kinds of potatoes that you can use for cooking: Russet potatoes (also called Idaho potatoes) are one of the most popular varieties of potatoes. (6). Potato Types. Yellow flesh potato varieties include Yukon gold, yellow Finn, German Butterball, Carola, Nicola, and Alby’s Gold. Color: Dark yellow or tan skin, pale yellow flesh, Use: Ideal for boiling, roasting, steaming; good for salads. They retain their purple color in cooking and have a nutty flavor. Some people say that jewel sweet potatoes aren’t as tasty as the Beauregard varieties. Starchy types of potatoes tend to lose their shape and become fluffy when cooked. First produced in the 1870s, these potatoes became famous for their use in French fries and they now constitute approximately 70% of the total potato sales in the US. Potatoes can be … The skin is light compared to Russet potatoes and the fleshy is a light-yellow color. However, any of the abovementioned potato varieties can be collected in the spring while they are small, young, and waxy. Trials have found good resistance to silver scurf, skin spot and potato leafroll virus. Because of its endless culinary applications, potato has become one of the highest consumed vegetables in the US. The most impressive nutritional aspect of sweet potatoes is their vitamin A content. There are roughly 4,000 different varieties of potatoes, which include some common types, each of them having specific culinary or agricultural attributes. As their name suggests, petite potatoes are types of tubers that are small in size. The potato diversified into those which were suitable for more temperate valleys, and frost-resistant types suitable for the alpine tundra. Burbank Russet potatoes are the most popular Russet varieties. Comparing white potatoes with red potatoes and Russet varieties, they have similar nutritional content. Any discolored area can simply be cut away. To help determine which potatoes to use for various culinary applications, they are often categorized based on their contents (starch compounds and solid-to-water ratio) and texture. Certain varieties of purple potatoes have purple skin with lighter-colored flesh. The skin and flesh color of petite potatoes are similar to other kinds of potatoes. Varieties with resistance values of 6-9 on a scale of 1-9 include Avondale, Axona, Bonnie, Cara, Emma, Isle Of Jura, Orla, Osprey, Sarpo Mira, Saxon, Sebastian, Vales Sovereign. If you’re looking for a unique-tasting tater, look no further. Potato preparation in various ways – clockwise from top left: baked, mashed, fried, grilled. French Fingerlings are a type of red waxy potato that sometimes resemble the shape of large fat fingers. Black Vernissage– These were a freebie when ordering from Baker Creek. Red Bliss varieties aren’t the best for making mashed potatoes as they are low in starch. They are great sliced, chopped, or diced in gratins or salads. Sometimes referred to as “baby potatoes,” new potatoes are a younger type of full-grown potatoes. The nutritional value of red potato varieties shows they have slightly fewer carbs and calories than starchy potatoes. It is a medium-sized potato variety that originated in North America during the 1970s. The best way to store potatoes is in a cool dark area between 50°F and 65°F (10°C and °C 18°C). Pike potato tubers are round and their light skin color has a flaky surface. They have enough starch to make them light and fluffy when cooked but still retain some sweetness. They're what we typically imagine when we think of potatoes.… The red-skinned Beauregard type is the most widely cultivated sweet potato in the United States. If you have never tried a purple variety of potato, you may be pleasantly surprised by its flavor and color. These potatoes are great for baking or boiling due to their high starch content. It consists of about 70% of the required daily amount of Vitamin C, high quantities of Vitamin B1, Vitamin B3, and Vitamin B6, and has higher potassium content than a banana. If you find yourself in Peru don’t miss the chance to try the Pink, Sweet, Purple, Huayro, Black, and Chuño versions or varieties, many of which are not sold outside of the country. Umatilla Russet potatoes are long and oblong with dark tan skin color and white to yellow flesh. It belongs to the heirloom variety and should not be confused with the new potatoes. Color: Reddish or purplish skin, creamy white flesh. This variety has low resistance to black dot, … This is important information if you want to know how to select the best type of potato for your recipe. Marenca Firm | Dutch Cream Fluffy. Yams are another edible starchy tubers cultivated in many tropical and temperate regions with many cultivars. Russet potato. There are also hundreds of varieties of sweet potatoes that are cultivated in various countries. Adirondack varieties of purple potatoes are oval or pear-shaped and their skin and flesh have a blue-purple color. Color: Dark blue skin, blue flesh with a white ring, Use: Best baked, roasted, and steamed for salads. Sweet Potato Varieties. As with most potato varieties, cooking and eating them with their red skins on gives you more vitamins, fiber, and nutrients than peeling them. Required fields are marked *. The Red Pontiac is also called the Dakota Chief and is a delicious red variety of potato. Purple potatoes are a rare type of potato to see on a dinner plate. As with all potato varieties, all-purpose potatoes are good sources of vitamins, mineral, and fiber when eaten along with their skins. That being said, you'll have by far the best success when you think carefully about your needs and select varieties for your climate and situation, because each variety has unique qualities that make it well-suited to a certain place or purpose. If you have never tried a purple variety of potato, you may be pleasantly surprised by its flavor and color. The Purple Majesty, known for its rich flavor and blue skin, is a medium-sized all-purpose potato variety that has plenty of antioxidants. (3). (2), There are nearly 200 varieties of Russet potatoes alone! It is a popular variety of Satsuma-imo or sweet potato that is rich in minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants. When baked, boiled, or roasted, Russet potato varieties become light and fluffy. ... black pepper, eggs, frozen hash brown potatoes, bacon, salt, nonstick cooking spray and 2 more. Sometimes called the American Giant, the White Rose type of potato is a large, long white potato that has a high yield. It is a flavorful potato characterized by a meaty flesh. If you are looking to reduce your carb intake, then red potatoes may be healthier than Russet potatoes. These white-fleshed potatoes have a relatively low starch content and waxy texture. This means that eating one large baked potato gives you 28% of your daily fiber needs. Anthocyanins are a type of antioxidant that give dark fruit and vegetables their color. The Papa Negra is floury, slightly sweet with a pleasant taste and finds a use in almost all Peruvian dishes: stews, soups, boiled, fried or mashed. Potatoes are usually harvested in the fall or early winter, and then ‘cured’ underground for several weeks to increase their shelf life. Use: Ideally baked; can be fried and mashed. It is characterized by a sweet and nutty flavor. Although undermined for its high carb content, a potato is pretty nutritious. Read more: Types of Sweet Potatoes: Japanese, Hannah, Jersey and More, Types of Citrus Fruits With their Picture and Classification, Types of Melons: Different Varieties of Melons From Around the World. Purple potatoes are a rare type of potato to see on a dinner plate. Color: Pale yellow or khaki skin, with light brown spots, yellow flesh, Use: Best for frying, steaming, roasting, grilling, or sautéing. Different colored potatoes such as the purple varieties are a type of potato that has even more health benefits than regular all-purpose potatoes. Marcy tubers have an oval shape that is slightly flattened. This type of discoloration sometimes occurs in cooked potatoes and appears as a gray-blue-black area as the cooked potato cools. Shape: Oblong, cylindrical, with rounded or tapered ends. In the U.K., and more specifically in Scotland, where the disease has been an issue, they better characterize blackleg-resistant varieties. These starchy potato types are fairly large and have an oval shape. If you cook them with their skins on, you will not only increase your fiber intake, but you will also add some vibrant color to your meal. Russet Idaho potatoes also make great mashed potatoes as they absorb milk and butter well. Most of the popular varieties are the moist-fleshed types; these types convert more starch to sugar during cooking, making them sweeter to eat. A small- to medium-sized potato, the French Fingerling naturally grows short and narrow. Black Krim– Was very large but this variety cracks a lot. Yukon Gold potatoes have a good balance of starch and moisture. Beauregard sweet potatoes have bright orange flesh and a delicious sweet flavor. There are also varieties of sweet potato with white, yellow, purple, and even red flesh. They are good for boiling then combining with milk and butter to make a delicious creamy mash. As with all types of potatoes, if you cook it with the skin on, be sure to thoroughly scrub the skin. Starchy potatoes such as Idaho Russet have a fluffy texture when cooked. This variety is suitable for a range of uses including crisping, french fries as well as table use. New potatoes are generally available from April to July. The potato also has over half of your vitamin B6 RDI and is rich in other B-group vitamins. The list below shows that there is more to it than the common Russets. The purple flesh will also be a great talking point at your meal. Yukon Gold. Also called the Sweet Hannah or Yellow Hannah, this variety of sweet potato is similar to Jewel Yam but its skin and flesh are lighter in color. Blight may also show up in stored potatoes. For starters, a sweet potato isn't a potato at all, meaning it's not a member of the Solanum tuberosum potato family from which French fries, mashed potatoes, and latkes are made; their composition of simple sugars and complex starches are quite different. Some kinds of potatoes such as Russet or Idaho have a starchy texture and are good for mashing, frying, and baking. Tubers have some resistance to bruising and splitting. Great for baked potatoes and mashing. (2), Russet potatoes with their skins also contain 64 g of carbs, from which 7 g is dietary fiber. As with most waxy types of potatoes, French Fingerlings hold their shape well when baked, fried, boiled, or roasted. Some people love to use new potatoes in early summer as part of a delicious, healthy salad. (4). Due to their strange shape and knobby features, many people call these weird potatoes. Once you know which type of potato you need for your particular dish, you can be as creative as you'd like when choosing varieties at the market. Sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas) are not a ‘true’ potato from the nightshade Solanum tuberosum variety. Varieties of potatoes (Solanum tuberosum) can be further classified into 3 main categories, depending on their texture when cooked. The dry-fleshed types have a … This makes purple potatoes one of the healthiest types of potato you can eat. Learn about the many types of sweet potatoes. Black sections inside potatoes can be caused by a variety of problems, including disease and environmental and nutritional stresses. Round whites are moist with low to medium starch. Potatoes are a member of the nightshade family and will turn green if stored in bright conditions. These are also the healthiest types of potatoes due to their high levels of antioxidants. Jewel varieties of sweet potatoes have an orange or copper-colored skin with deep orange flesh. Color: Red skin, yellow/off-white/white flesh, Use: Best for roasting, boiling, and using in soups, salads, or stews. Types of sweet potatoes such as the Japanese sweet potato and Hannah sweet potato are starchy tubers from the Ipomoea batatas plant. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. This makes these “mealy” types of potatoes great for baking, mashing, frying, or boiling. Ranger Russets are harvested late in the season and are used mainly as baked potatoes or fries. These kinds of all-purpose tubers are good for use in most recipes. These potato varieties are good for boiling, steaming, roasting, and baking. Color: Dark purple skin, succulent light purple flesh, Use: Ideally baked, roasted, or mixed in soups and salads. Cut out the black area and eat the remainder. You can enjoy many different types of potatoes mashed, boiled, baked, steamed, or fried. The Marcy potato is another good, all around potato that is good in a wide range of recipes. They were pretty but harder to get the right taste. Potato, a tuberous root vegetable of the nightshade plant Solanum tuberosum, is one of the most popular food crops in the world after maize, wheat, and rice. These waxy potatoes go great in salads. Sweet potatoes are a unique starchy root vegetable that have anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, and anti-obesity properties. With more than 200 potato varieties sold throughout the U.S., finding the right spud for the job depends on how they will be prepared and personal preference. (5), Sweet potato varieties: Beauregard, Jewel and purple. Dark reddish-black skin covers black tomato varieties, a strain of plants developed by gardeners on the Crimean Peninsula. Even though tomatoes are native to South America, black tomatoes traditionally found favor in western Russia. This is an all-purpose sweet potato that is good for baking, mashing, frying or boiling. Known for its great flavor, the Red Norland is an early-maturing variety of Norland potatoes that was first produced in Nebraska during the 1960s. Garlic Parmesan Hasselback Potatoes Yummly. Some potatoes are more susceptible to this discoloration and are influenced by the soil … Potato Basics. Purple Peruvians are brightly colored fingerling potatoes with deep purple skin … You can use purple sweet potatoes to make fries, mashed potatoes, or baked sweet potatoes. This large, oblong type of Idaho potato has brown skin and white flesh. However, they'll disintegrate in soups and stews. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Types of Coconuts: Green, Brown, White and More Varieties from Around the World (With Pictures and N... Types of Lemons: Lemon Varieties with Pictures From Around the World, Types of Potatoes: Ultimate Guide to Different Kinds of Potatoes and Their Uses, Types of Sweet Potatoes: Japanese, Hannah, Jersey and More. This means that new potatoes are sweeter and less starchy than other types of potatoes. Unlike Russet potatoes, white potatoes have light-colored skin and lower levels of starch. For example, 100 g of baked white potatoes has 21 grams of carbs, the same number as Russets. Yellow and orange varieties contain carotenoids, natural antioxidants which can benefit vision, cognitive function, and cardiovascular health. Potatoes are versatile for a wide variety of culinary uses, make a great storage crop and are generally simple to grow. Easily identified by its smooth, slightly waxy skin, the Yukon gold is one of the most … Adding purple sweet potatoes to your meals adds nutrition, color, and plenty of flavor. Carisma/Spudlite Firm | Kipfler* Buttery. White potatoes are good to use in a wide range of cooking. Because these red varieties of potato hold together well when cooked, they are great for roasting or chopping up to put in salads. That is one reason not to store potatoes in the refrigerator. Potato cultivars such as Yukon Gold and Marcy hold their shape well and have a fluffy texture when cooked. 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From russets, reds, yellows, whites, purples, fingerlings and petites, there are a variety of potato options to fuel the body and the brain throughout the day. Thus, the first potato varieties were born and to this day over 5,000 potato varieties … These young potatoes are called new potatoes, and are usually sold at the farmers’ market. Because they are a younger variety of potato, the starch hasn’t had time to form. References Despite getting a bad rap due to their high carbohydrate content, potatoes are actually a good source of nutrients. Characterized by their rough brown skin and white flesh, varieties such as Butte fall into the dry/mealy end of the texture spectrum. Fingerling potato has small, long oblong shape. Because they make such good fries, Burbanks are the kind of potato that many fast food outlets choose to use. This “mealy” potato has white flesh that is covered with dark brown skin. Red Norland potato varieties are small red types of potatoes with an oblong shape. Because the skin is fairly thin, you can cook and eat Red Bliss potatoes in their skins. Sweet potatoes are also rich sources of vitamin C (59% of your RDI), vitamin B6 (26% of your RDI), potassium, (24% of your RDI, and manganese (45% of your RDI). Compared to Russet potatoes or all-purpose potatoes, red potatoes have a sweeter taste. Moderate yields of very attractive, oval to oblong, russeted tubers that store well. You can use new potatoes as a delicious side dish or in a potato salad. Unlike some other purple potato varieties, these potatoes retain their purple color during cooking. Shape: Round or oblong, slightly flattened, Use: Best roasted; also whizzed into soup. Their skin is thick and they keep their shape well. (1). In some parts of the United States, yams are also referred to as sweet potatoes although they are not related. One large baked sweet potato (180 g) contains a whopping 692% of your RDI of vitamin A. It has a smooth, moist texture, along with a sweet and nutty flavor. However, the high levels of anthocyanins in this potato variety makes it a rich source of antioxidants. For example, dark purple or black potato varieties have more anthocyanins than the lighter shades of purple potatoes. Pike potatoes are one of the most commonly used potatoes to make potato chips. It does not belong to the true yam family, but is a type of sweet potato and a member of the morning glory family of plants and trees. Varieties of waxy potatoes have a lot less starch and more moisture than the starchy types of tubers. Generally, red varieties of potatoes have less starch and are smaller than their starchy counterparts. If you want to create delicious healthy baked potatoes or mashed potatoes, then Russets or white potatoes are the best. This is a black roma shaped paste tomato excellent for sauces. It is a type of French heirloom fingerling characterized by a high fat content and buttery, hazelnut flavor. These Russet potato varieties are popular kinds of potatoes for making frozen fries. Their rose-colored smooth skin covers a yellowish-white flesh that has a distinct waxy feel to it. Disease resistant variety. Potatoes are grown in all USDA Zones. Because they have a firm flesh and hold their shape well after cooking, they are good for roasting, boiling, or making potato salads. For example, dark purple or black potato varieties have more anthocyanins than the lighter shades of purple potatoes. Color: Light gold skin, light yellow flesh. For potato lovers, Yukon Gold varieties have yellow flesh and are the perfect type of potato for cooking with. Red Gold. A large sweet potato also contains 37 g of carbs, from which 6 grams are fiber and 11 grams are sugar. The best way to enjoy new “baby” potatoes is to boil them whole for 10 minutes and add some butter or olive oil. The Austrian Crescent, also called Kipfel, is a medium-maturing potato variety with a smooth, waxy texture. It is important to store potatoes properly to prevent them from going bad or developing toxins. When baked, the thick skin crisps up to create a perfect "jacket" for the fluffy interior. Easy to prepare and pair with a variety of cuisines, potatoes lend themselves to convenient meal prep to fuel workouts throughout the week. Variety was bred for and performs best in cool climates, so should only be grown in the northern tier (New England and states that border Canada). Bred on the Isle of Arran and named in celebration of the ending of the War, this heritage potato variety has a vibrant blue skin, which changes to creamy yellow once cooked, and a snowy white flesh. Your email address will not be published. For example, the Dark Red Norland is a popular type of this red-skinned potato. Other types of red waxy potatoes are excellent for adding to other dishes if you want the cubes, slices, or chunks to hold their shape. Heirloom Potatoes and Black Chenango Variety. You will also learn why these edible tubers are good for you. Purple sweet potatoes have firm, purple-colored flesh that has an earthy sweet taste. Perfect for Chips Great for Roast and Wedges. Each Potato has its own hidden talent. Potato Varieties. You can use these varieties of purple tubers to make purple mash, chips, fries, baked potatoes, or in salads. The skin is dark brown to black, the inside yellowish. For example, one large baked Russet potato (300 g) with its skin contains 38.6 mg of vitamin C, which is 64% of your recommended daily intake (RDI). This results in a sweeter type of potato; however, they may burn easier if you fry them or turn gray during cooking. Jewel Yam. Yes, there’s more than one type of sweet potato at your local grocery store. (1). This white “superior” potato variety has a very light-colored skin that covers white flesh. Pork Chop and Scalloped Potato Casserole Yummly. The potatoes have dark “russet skin” that can be anywhere from light brown to dark brown in color. Storing potatoes in temperatures lower than 40°F (4°C) causes the starch to turn into sugar. In this article, you will find out about the most popular types of potatoes available. The best variety of potato for salads, soups, and stews are types of waxy potatoes that retain their shape. The Potato Association of America Mailing Address: 37637 Five Mile Road, #399 Livonia, MI 48154 Phone: (734) 239-8022 Fax: (734) 677-2407 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org However, if the potato is whole and has no odor but has a blackened area, it may be bruised. Choosing the perfect kind of potato for your recipe depends on the variety of potato. 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